Climate changing soils

Background and Aim

The aim of the project was to develop, implement and disseminate the Biochar strategy in the North Sea Region for climate change adaptation and climate change mitigation by increasing soil quality and stability with soil BioChar amendments. This project had three clear targets (workpackages):

  1. Implementation of biochar knowledge dissemination strategies for authorities, producers and end-users of biochar 
  2. Transnational development and compilation of knowledge base and methodological standards 
  3. Transnational development and compilation of knowledge base and methodological standards on Biochar applications.

BioChar is a product of thermal biomass-to-energy processing systems and is a way of capturing carbon, making the soil climate change resilient and producing bio-energy. The BioChar knowledge within the North Sea Region is scarce and scattered and in order to keep up with international competition it is mandatory to develop and compile a transnational North Sea Region knowledge base, which can be utilized by national and regional authorities, businesses and the general public.

Climate change in the North Sea Region is predicted to have a pronounced effect on annual rainfall patterns. Soils, rich in organic matter and biological life, function both as a water buffer during periods of drought and as drainage during periods of heavy rains. Application of biochar into soils is also a Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) strategy because it actually creates a sink for carbon in soils and prevents its release into the atmosphere.

PROJECT DURATION: 2009-10-01 - 2013-10-01
ERDF GRANT: 2,331,967.00 €
ERDF EQUIVALENT: 60,504.00 €
LEAD BENEFICIARY: Provincie Groningen, The Netherlands

Information Hub

Project report - Effect of biochar on crop roots
Project report - Effect of biochar on pesticide degradation
Project report - Effect of biochar on sorption and leaching of pesticides
Project report - Effect of biochar on the leaching of MCPA and Bentazone
End Conference #1 - Frans Debets - Introduction
End Conference #2 - Ondrej Masek - Production of biochar- different aspects of pyrolysis
End Conference #3 - Frederik Ronsse - Commercial biochar production and its certification
End Conference #4 - Achim Loewen - Life Cycle Analysis of biochar
End Conference #5 - Wytze van der Gaast - Biochar for carbon sequestration, developments in the carbon market
End Conference #6 - Hans-Peter Schmidt - Cascading use of biochar
End Conference #7 - Kor Zwart - Key functions of biochar in soil
End Conference #8 - John Stenström - Effect of biochar on pesticide and P sorption and leaching
End Conference #9 - Victoria Nelissen - Nitrogen dynamics in the soil
End Conference #10 - Saran Sohi - Screening biochar for effects on nutrient balance around roots
End Conference #11 - Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen - Subsoil biochar application to vitalize coarse sandy soils
End Conference #12 - Dorette Stöver-Müller - Suitability of gasification biochar as a renewable phosphorus fertilizer
End Conference #13 - Greet Ruysschaert - Field trials with biochar in the North Sea Region
End Conference #14 - Romke Postma - Perspectives of biochar as a soil conditioner
Paper - Environmental Assessment of different biochar utilization paths by Jan-Markus Rödger, Jim Hammond , Achim Loewen & Simon Shackley (2011)
Paper - Ökobilanz im Rahmen des EU-Projektes “Biochar: climate saving soils By Jan-Markus Rödger, Jim Hammond, Achim Loewen & Simon Shackley (2012)
Paper - Biochar–root interactions are mediated by biochar nutrient content and impacts on soil nutrient availability by M.T. Prendergast- Miller, M. Duvall & S.P. Sohi (2013)
Paper - Short-Term Effect of Feedstock and Pyrolysis Temperature on Biochar Characteristics, Soil and Crop Response in Temperate Soils by Victoria Nelissen et al. (2014)
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